Depression is a partly mental and partly physical disease. The disease which causes low self confidence and low self esteem is often referred to as depression. There are many causes of depression. Most of the patients suffering from depression cannot get cured as they do not get the proper treatment. The diagnostic of depression is not clearly done in most of the cases. Depression is often mistaken for some viral infection or the side effect of some medication. This is because of patients being unaware of the side effects of depression or its symptoms.
Diagnostic depression is known to be the depression which can be identified only after diagnosing the patient. There is a systematic process which the patient has to go through for getting a clear and accurate results. Before getting treated for depression, it is very important that you know which type of depression it is. For this very reason you have to undergo a diagnostic test for knowing which kind of depression one is suffering from. There are some tested and proven procedures which are included in the diagnosis of depression. These test are explained elaborately in the following topics.
Diagnosis of Depression
There is no particular laboratory test which is taken for diagnosing depression. There is a physical and psychological evaluation which is considered to determine if the patient is suffering from depression or not. The procedure for determining if the patient is suffering depression is given in the following steps.
Step 1 –
In the first step the patient is consulted with a physician where a particular test is taken considering the patients physical background. In some cases, viral infection or the medicines the patient might be prescribed have side effects which are very similar to symptoms of depression. A thorough examination is conducted to see if these are the causes for the symptoms the patient has been showing. By evaluating the tests the physician decides if it is caused due to any physical aspects or not. If there is no evidence of physical cause then the physician will refer to a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Step 2 –
Since the physical cause is not the cause, a psychological examination is conducted. In this test the patients complete background is considered and all the symptoms that the patient has been showing are taken into account. All possible causes are examined. Substance abuse, traumatic past life, any life changing incident etc. A good evaluation will consider each and every aspect of the patient including the approximate time since the symptoms are seen. They also consider the kind of treatment that was used to their family members, if any had any such similar depressive illness.
Step 3 –
The last examination will test the mental status of the patient. This will check the synchronization of the persons mental thoughts and the speech. They also check if the memory of the patient is affected. This is often seen in the case of manic depressive illness.
After the evaluation is done the psychiatrist decides what kind of treatment should be given to the patient. The type of treatments is completely dependent on the results of the tests conducted on the patient.