Functions of Neurotransmitters and Hormones

The functioning of the brain is greatly dependent on two main substances. They are neurotransmitters and hormones. Functions of neurotransmitters and hormones are very important for the body to work properly mentally and physically. There are many other substances which are involved but these two substances are the main substances which play a major role in the proper functioning of the brain. Hormones and neurotransmitters help the brain balance the feelings and the signals which are sent to other organs in the body. The signal transmission is done only through neurotransmitters, these chemicals carry orders from the brain and are also responsible for triggering different kinds of emotions.

What are Neurotransmitters and Hormones made of?

Many researches were done as to know what exactly these substances are made of. It was initially evident that they are made of chemicals but in what combination was not clear. There are different types of hormones and neurotransmitters. The article gives a proper understanding of what these substances comprise of and their functions.

Neurotransmitter –

These are mostly endogenous chemicals. These chemicals take a particular signal from a neuron and carry it to the destination. The destination is known as synapse. The release of neurotransmitters is mostly considered to be having electrical potentials. The electric potentials give the neurotransmitters their energy to follow the signal. There are several functions which are associated with neurotransmitters.


Neurotransmitters basically have one major function. This is to activate the receptor which needs to do the action. This process is very complex and also very important for the proper functioning of the body. When this is not done in a proper way, then the brain functioning will get disturbed and there are high chances of the person getting into depression and other mental disorders.

Hormones –

Hormones are another set of chemicals which are released by every organ so that it can affect some other organ. The hormones are generated by cells of organs and is similarly accepted by other organ cells. Small amount of hormones quantity is enough to alter cell metabolism. There are many types of hormones. Some of the most important hormones of the body are generated in the brain. Hormone secretion is more in women when compared to men.


The main function of hormones is, they help the body adjust to the environment the body is in. Other than this hormones also help the body to function properly. Activation of the body’s immune system, control of the reproductive system etc are some of the functions of the hormones. Another major function of the hormones is that they control the moods of the person. Therefore whenever there is an imbalance of hormones in the body, it is observed that the person has mood swings. Prolonged imbalances of these substance can cause depression.

1 response to Functions of Neurotransmitters and Hormones

  1. Is there a test to determine if a person’s hormones are out of Balance?
    What is it called. How does one avail oneself to it.

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