Side-effects of Anti Depressants
Depression is a mental illness which everyone experiences at some point of their life. There are several mood disorders and thought disorientation in the disease. The patient suffers from laziness, fatigue, hopelessness, helpless, low self confidence etc. To stabilizes these erratic feelings, in some cases, thery use antidepressants. But one should also know how these drugs help the patient in coping with depression. Antidepressants are mostly made of opiods, tricyclic and tetracyclic chemicals. They are also known for their efficiency and their adverse effects. Therefore all the patients whoa re prescribed antidepressants are cautioned about the side affects.
There are several adverse effects of antidepressants. This article gives you a brief description about all the possible side-effects these drugs have.
Side-effects of Antidepressants
The side-effects of these drugs are categorized depending on the different departments they show substantial results. There are around 6 common departments in which the side-effects are put in.
A particular drug called MAO inhibitors which is used to stabilize the varying moods of the patients is suggested to have with proper diet. It is prone to give you hypertensive reactions if this drug is taken with a diet having lot of tyramine. Antidepressants are also responsible for triggering mania or hypomania (in case of bipolar depression). Some of the breast cancer patients have the possibility of relapsing their disease with the usage of some antidepressants.
Impotence is another possibility. Due to excessive usage of antidepressants, sexual dysfunction is possible. Some of the very common side effects of these drugs are libido, lack of interest in sex, not having proper orgasm etc. SSRI’s are the type of drugs which affect around 30-50% of the patients who use them. They cause sexual dysfunction. Mirtazapine is the drug which causes lesser sexual side effects.
REM Sleep –
Most of the antidepressants have this side effect on the patient. They suppress the REM sleep. This affect often causes fatigue in the patients. This type of fatigue effects the daily activities of the patient.
With the usage of the antidepressants, there is a probability of gaining around 5-25kg of weight. There is no specific cause which can be related to this side effect. The proposed reason for this reaction is the craving for food is increased with the usage of antidepressants and the patient never feels full even when he haves sufficient calories. Therefore patients are always advised to have lot of physical activity when they are on antidepressants.
This is closely related to sexual side effects. There is mood blunting which is caused due to these drugs. The patient has the possibility of emotional standstill. They feel numb, indifferent, feeling of detachment etc. They practically don’t care about their surroundings.
Suicide is one of the most dangerous side effects antidepressants have shown. People using these drugs are always cautioned by the physician that there might be drastic change in the behavior and also they may have to face suicidal tendencies. Federal health officials propsed to change the labels of the antidepressants in 2006.the prescription of these drugs to minors was stopped in the year 2003.
With the right guidelines and proper guidance, the antidepressants are the best that work in case of chronic depression cases. Always avoid over the table antidepressants. Never take antidepressants without proper check up or prescription.